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最全家装防水六大步骤,这样做才能滴水不漏,赶紧学一学

标签: 时间:2020年08月14日 阅读13

防水在家装之中是很重要的一步,它一旦没有做好,不仅影响着你家的居住体验,同时也会对楼下的住户造成不便,影响邻里和睦,所以今天小编就来给大家讲一讲家装防水的全步骤,这样做才能滴水不漏,让你居住更舒心,赶紧学一学吧!

最全家装防水六大步骤,这样做才能滴水不漏,赶紧学一学


全屋都要做防水么?

一般情况下是不需要全屋做防水的,主要卫生间、厨房及阳台的地面和墙面;如果是一楼住宅,那么需要对所有地面和墙面、地下室的地面和所有墙面进行防水防潮处理。

防水工程什么时候进行?

防水是在水电工程(水电施工全步骤及细节工艺,看完装修小白秒变老司机)结束之后进行,要先将基层处理干净,之后将水电的开槽用先用水泥砂浆大致填平,待干透后再用石膏封一遍,但是如果是厨卫地方的开槽就只能用水泥砂浆填平。

最全家装防水六大步骤,这样做才能滴水不漏,赶紧学一学


PS:如果厨卫空间有因为移位产生的开槽,需要先做防水处理之后才能封槽。

防水步骤

第一步:地面找平和基层处理

观察地面的平整度,如果不够平整则必须在防水之前做地面找平,地面的平整度也是决定防水好坏的一个很关键的因素。用水泥砂浆找平,向着地漏处倾斜,做出泄水坡。

最全家装防水六大步骤,这样做才能滴水不漏,赶紧学一学


如果地面平整的地方也要做好基层处理,将表面的泥土、杂物清理干净,表面残留的灰浆硬块及高出部分刮平保证平整,无坑、无缝隙。将阴阳角抹成圆弧或者钝角,以防止出现开裂。

第二步:重点区域防水处理

最全家装防水六大步骤,这样做才能滴水不漏,赶紧学一学


在进行大规模的防水涂刷前,先对墙角、地漏四周、管道接缝处、开槽处等漏水风险大的地方进行防水加强处理,使用贴玻璃丝布或无纺布配合上柔性防水涂料涂刷,保证这些地方防水层不开裂,减少漏水风险。

第三步:刷第一遍防水涂料

局部处理完开始防水涂料的第一遍大规模涂刷,涂刷时要注意观察防水涂料是否有沉淀,如果有要及时的搅拌均匀,以保证涂料均匀密实的涂刷在基面上,不留气泡。每一遍的涂刷都不要太厚或者过薄,过厚不然容易起层,也不易干,过薄达不到防水规范,按照国家标准,防水层总厚度应该到1.5mm以上。涂刷防水层应该往同一个方向涂刷,遵循先墙后地,先内后外的顺序。

最全家装防水六大步骤,这样做才能滴水不漏,赶紧学一学


卫生间墙面防水层一般高度在30cm以上,非承重墙防水层要保持在60cm以上,而对于淋浴区需达到180cm以上,与洗漱盆相连的墙面,高度至少从地面到洗漱盆上方60cm处,浴缸处防水处理高度要比浴缸至少高30cm,厨房和阳台一般防水高度也要在30cm 以上。

第四步:刷第二遍防水涂料

最全家装防水六大步骤,这样做才能滴水不漏,赶紧学一学


防水至少要刷2遍的防水涂料,一般在第一层涂刷24h之后,干透才能做第二遍防水,刷第2遍时方向应该和第1遍成垂直方向,形成交叉,防水层会更加紧密,覆盖更为全面。

第五步:铺保护层

为防止防水层被之后的施工破坏,则在防水处理完之后需要铺一层保护层,保护层需要完全覆盖在防水层上,无裂缝,无脱落,无气泡现象。

第五步:闭水试验

待所有的防水处理完毕之后进行闭水试验,将卫生间的所有下水口封闭,然后在卫生间中灌入20厘米高的水,闭水24h之后,查看是否有渗水现象,如果不渗水则防水才能算是大功告成。

最全家装防水六大步骤,这样做才能滴水不漏,赶紧学一学


好了,今天的家装防水六大步骤讲完了,你们学会了么?卫生间的防水真的真的真的很重要,所以大家千万不能马虎对待哦!


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